It is becoming more and more frequent that Police forces
in Europe utilize a wearing trial within their tenders as part of the evaluation process of products.
Within these ergonomic trials armour is accessed in relation to how it works/feels within a range of movements set to mimic every day operational duties, it is also accessed as to how comfortable it is whilst in shooting positions both prone and standing.
In all tenders we are reminded that the area of protection afforded by the armour must cover the main internal organs of the upper torso being the Heart, Liver, Lungs, Spleen and Kidneys. Traditionally armour shapes are designed with protecting these areas with for example shoulder rises to take into account the top area of the lungs etc.
Body Armor Coverage
I have not to date seen any attempt by Police forces to accurately analyse the actual protective body armor coverage for the above mentioned vital organs, instead they rely on judging armour by means of total area coverage and award the manufacturers higher point for higher area of body armor coverage.
In relation to these facts I have witnessed that the vast majority of forces award more points to ergonomics trials than they do to actual area of body armor coverage and protection of internal organs, thus resulting in choosing an armour which gives the least protection but the greatest comfort. It is also only logical that the armour with the least coverage will also cost less to produce and hence will also score better in pricing.
We should all also consider the fact that the actual area of ballistic or body armor coverage is not the total area of coverage but rather the area of effective coverage which in most cases is between 2 – 5cm in from the edge of the ballistic packs (depending on what materials utilized)